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The Canadian legal system uses both legislation created by Parliament and the provincial legislatures and cases decided by judges as important sources of law. Formal decisions of judges are published in printed law reports. These decisions will often provide an interpretation and application of the legislation. Note that not every decision is reported and formally published.

Court decisions can be found both online and in print format, called law reports. Published law reports may be organized by geography (e.g. Alberta Reports, Western Weekly Reports) or by subject matter (e.g. Motor Vehicle Reports, Canadian Criminal Cases). The Supreme Court of Canada has its very own reports series, the Supreme Court Reports.

Law reports are mainly held by law libraries. Sometimes larger public libraries hold some law reports, but this is uncommon. For most provinces, decisions from about the late-1990s onwards are available online for free.


Canadian Sources

National
Federal

Alberta

Other Provinces

International Sources

Australia
United Kingdom

United States

Citing Cases



Canadian Sources

National

Canadian Legal Information Institute (CanLII)
This website provides a comprehensive database of Canadian case law. Coverage varies by province and court, but it is mainly from 2000 to the present.

Human Rights Topics- Canadian Human Rights Reporter
This website includes digests of major Canadian human rights decisions, 1980-1998.

Maritime Law Book's Raw Law
This database includes various provincial law reports series, 1969 to present. The unedited cases are free, but there is a charge for access to the annotated versions.

Federal

Canadian Human Rights Tribunal Decisions
This bilingual website includes tribunal decisions from 1979 to the present.

Federal Courts Reports
This bilingual website includes decisions of the Federal Court from 1992 to the present.

Judgments of the Supreme Court of Canada
This bilingual website includes decisions from the court’s establishment in 1876 to the present.

Tax Court of Canada - Access to Judgments
This bilingual website includes decisions from 1996 to the present.

Alberta

Alberta Labour Relations Board
This website includes decisions of the Board from 2001, with some earlier decisions dating back to 1981.

Court of Appeal
This website includes decisions from 1998 to the present.

Court of Queen's Bench
This website includes decisions from 1998 to the present.

Provincial Court
This website includes decisions from 1998 to the present.

British Columbia

B.C. Human Rights Tribunal Decisions
This website includes the Tribunal decisions from 2000 to the present.

Court of Appeal and Supreme Court
This website includes decisions from 1990 to the present.

Provincial Court
This website includes decisions from 1999 to the present.

Manitoba

Manitoba Court Decisions
The Manitoba government does not maintain its own database of court decisions, but CanLii includes decisions from Manitoba courts, and some administrative tribunals, from 1998 to the present.

Manitoba Human Rights Commission
This website includes the Commission’s decisions from 1997 through the present.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick Court Decisions
The New Brunswick government does not maintain its own database of court decisions, but CanLII includes decisions from New Brunswick Courts, and some administrative tribunals, from 1990 to the present.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador Court Decisions
The government of Newfoundland and Labrador does not maintain its own database of court decisions, but CanLII includes decisions from Newfoundland and Labrador Courts, and some administrative tribunals, from 1993 to the present.

Labour Relations Board Decisions
This website includes decisions rendered by the Board from 1975 to the present.

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories Court Decisions
This bilingual website includes decisions from 2006 to the present. The database includes brief digests for some older decisions, where the full-text is not available online.

Nova Scotia

Law News Online
This website includes decisions of both courts and administrative tribunals. Most of the decisions date from 1989 to the present, but there are some older decisions included as well.

Nova Scotia Court Decisions
This website includes decisions from various Nova Scotia courts, 2003 to the present, together with some selected older decisions.

Nunavut

Nunavut Court Decisions
The government of Nunavut does not maintain its own database of court decisions, but CanLII includes decisions from Nunavut courts from their creation in 1999 to the present. (Note that prior to 1999, Nunavut was part of the Northwest Territories.)

Ontario

Decisions of the Court of Appeal for Ontario
This bilingual website includes decisions from 1998 to the present.

Ontario Court Decisions
CanLII includes decisions from Ontario Courts and various administrative tribunals, mostly from 2002 to the present.

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island Court Decisions
CanLII includes decisions from Prince Edward Island Courts and some administrative tribunals, from 1993 to the present.

Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island -- Reasons for Judgment
This database contains decisions of the Supreme Court of P.E.I., both Trial Division and Appeal Division, from 1997 to the present.

Quebec

Décisions des tribunaux du Québec
This French-language website includes decisions of various Quebec courts and administrative tribunals, from 1987 to the present.

Selected decisions, 2004 to the present, have been unofficially translated into English:

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan Case Digests
This database contains case digests of Court of Appeal, Queen's Bench, and a selection of Provincial Court judgments from 1987 to the present.

Saskatchewan Court Decisions
The government of Saskatchewan does not maintain its own database of court decisions, but CanLII includes decisions from Saskatchewan courts, and some administrative tribunals, from 1994 to the present.

Yukon

Yukon Court Decisions
The government of Yukon does not maintain its own database of court decisions, but CanLII includes decisions from Yukon courts from 1996 to the present.

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International Sources

Australia

Australian Legal Information Institute (AustLII)
This website provides access to decisions from various Australian courts and administrative tribunals, mostly from the 1990s to the present.

United Kingdom

British and Irish Legal Information Institute (BAILII)
This website provides access to decisions from various British courts and some administrative tribunals.

House of Lords Judgments
This website includes judgments rendered by the House of Lords between 1996 and 2009.

Judgmental
Judgmental is a group who aim to make United Kingdom case law available, searchable and usable.

Supreme Court Judgments
This website includes judgments rendered by the Supreme Court from its inception in 2009 to the present.

United States

Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School (LII)
This case law source contains United States Supreme Court decisions from 1990, a selection of historic decisions, and links to U.S. Court of Appeals Circuit Court Opinions and state judicial opinions.

U.S. Federal Court of Appeal Circuit Courts Decisions
This website provides access to decisions of the Court of Appeal Circuit Courts, mostly from 1995 to the present.

United States Supreme Court Judgments
This website provides access to a searchable database of the United States Supreme Court decisions since 1893.

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Citing Cases

Guide to Legal Citation – Douglas College (PDF)
This pdf provides examples of how to cite case law.

Legal Citation – Lederman Law Library (Queen’s University)
This website provides an excellent guide to the proper citation of case law.

For more information on Citing Cases to the Alberta Courts, see our Research Guide

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