LEGAL RESEARCH TOOLBOX

Foreign and International Law

Foreign Law


United Kingdom and Ireland

Sources of Legislation

BAILII - The British and Irish Legal Information Institute
This free database offers full text of unconsolidated UK statutes from 1988 and Statutory Instruments from 1987.

Iris Oifigiúil (Irish State Gazette) 
This site features full text PDFs of the Gazette from 2002 to the present.

Irish Statute Book
The electronic Irish Statute Book (eISB) offers full text of the Acts of the Oireachtas and Statutory Instruments from 1922 to present as well as a Legislative Directory.

The Law Commission
The Law Commission conducts research and consultations in order to make recommendations to Parliament. The website provides access to full text reports and consultations papers. A-Z of Projects contains summaries of current law reform initiatives

Legislation.gov.uk
This website is maintained by the National Archives on behalf of HM Government, publishing legislation from the United Kingdom, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. This includes Public General Acts 1988-present, Local Acts 1991-present and Explanatory Notes 1999-present with select Public and Local acts available from 1857 onwards. Statutory Instruments are available from 1987-present. The website was formerly maintained by the Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI).

The London Gazette
This site offers features to search current as well as historical Gazettes using date or keyword searching. The Belfast Gazette is also available.

Parliament
Parliament.uk provides access to full text Bills from 2001 to present, along with detailed information about their status; the Weekly Information Bulletin, which provides a complete list of public bills introduced in each session of Parliament from 1995-present, along with their status; and Hansard, where users can browse full text House of Commons Debates from 1988 and House of Lords Debates from 1995-1996. Parliament.uk features links to Historic Hansard, which archives House of Commons debates from 1803-2005, and to additional publications such as standing orders, business papers and committee publications.

Tynwald (Acts)
This general government website offers many helpful links concerning the Isle of Mann as well as links to full text of legislation from 2001-current.

Wales Legislation Online
This site features Welsh translations of acts as well as a topical search engine for legislation.

Citing UK Legislation

Citing British statues is very similar to citing Canadian statutes with two important exceptions:

1. If the act came before January 1, 1963, a comma is placed between the name of the act and the year. If the act came after January 1, 1963 then no comma separates the act from the year.

2. The regnal year for legislation before January 1, 1963 must be cited. For legislation enacted after January 1, 1963,s the calendar year must be cited.

Example:

- Official Secrets Act, 1939 (U.K), 2 & 3 Geo 6, c. 121

- Family Law Act 1996 (U.K), 1996, c. 27

Additional Links

Oxford Standard Citations for Legal Authorities (OSCLA)
Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations

United States

Sources for Federal U.S Legislation

Cornell Legal Information Institute (LII)
LII is a not-for-profit organization that provides electronic access to Federal Law, the Constitution of the United States of America, the U.S. Code , Federal Rules , Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) , State Statutes by topic, the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), links to Popular Names of Acts in the US Code , along with many other helpful resources.

GPO Access
GPO Access is a service provided by the Government Printing Office (GPO) that provides free electronic access to government publications. This site offers full text links to Public and Private Laws from 1996 to the present, the U.S Code from 1994, The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) from 1996, Bill Summaries and Status from 1983 onwards, Statutes at Large from 2003 to current, as well as links to Conference and Congressional Reports and the Federal Registrar.

HeinOnline
This database provides access to Statutes at Large from 1789-2007 and the Federal Registrar Library allowing access to regulations from 1936-2009.

Office of the Law Revision Counsel
The Office of the Law Revision Counsel prepares and publishes the United States Code, which is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States

Statutes at Large (1789-1873)
This collection covers 18 volumes of the Statutes at Large, from 1789-1875.

THOMAS
Thomas was launched in 1995 with the support of the Library of Congress. Its mandate is to create a one-stop site to make federal legislation freely available to the public. Through THOMAS one can find Bills and Resolutions from 1989 to current, activity in Congress and the Congressional Record, Session Schedules and Calendars, Committee Reports , as well as links to the U.S. Code and other useful government resources. Users can also browse public laws from 1973 to

United States Senate This site offers current and historical information about the United States Senate, a listing of current Senators as well as links to find legislation introduced by the senate and links to the full text of the Congressional Record, which documents the proceedings of Congress from 1873 to the present.

United States House of Representatives
The House of Representatives site allows the user to search current bills and debates, access Committee Offices and their publications, find voting information, and access the U.S Code and Slip Laws and Statutes at Large. the present.

Sources for State Legislation

Cornell Legal Information Institute (LII)
LII provides options to browse state law by jurisdiction, and state statutes by topic.

FindLaw
FindLaw is a free online source produced by Thomson Reuters. Users can browse for statutes by jurisdiction.

Law Library of Congress
The Law Library of Congress offers comprehensive links for each state including links to State Codes, government and court websites, legislative information such as bills and debates, and legal research guides.

Uniform Law Commission
The Uniform Law Commission is a non-partisan organization comprised of members of the bar. The Commission researches, drafts and promotes enactment of uniform state laws.

Jurist
Jurist is a non-profit website organized by the Pittsburgh School of Law. It offers quick links to federal and state statutes, Codes, regulations, news, and commentary.

Citing US Legislation

Introduction to Basic Legal Citation

NYU Law

Additional Foreign Law Resources

Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII)
Provides access to consolidated versions of most Commonwealth of Australia legislation.

Bilingual Laws Information System
Provides access to Hong Kong Laws in English

ComLaw
Provides access to the legislation of Australia of the Commonwealth and non self-governing Territories

German Law Archive
The German Law Archive publishes cases, statutes, literature and bibliographies on German law in the English language.

Globalex Foreign Law Guide

The Knowledge Basket - NZ
This site provides access to the updated Acts of New Zealand

Law Library of Congress Guide to Law Online
The Guide to Law Online is an annotated compendium of Internet links that includes U.S law, the law of most foreign countries as well as some international law links.

South Africa Government Online
Provides access to legislation and bills from 1993-present

World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII)
WorldLII allows users to search the content of law-related sites from over 200 countries.

International Law

American Society of International Law (ASIL)
ASIL is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, educational membership organization founded in 1906 and chartered by Congress in 1950.

Canadian Treaty Information
The Treaty Section maintains up-to-date records of all information relating to the status of treaties affecting Canada.

Canado-american Treaties
Provides free access to the text of all bilateral treaties established between the United States of America and Canada from 1783 to 1997.

CIAO- Columbia International Affairs Online
Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) publishes a wide range of scholarship from 1991 onward that includes working papers from university research institutes, occasional papers series from NGOs, foundation-funded research projects, proceedings from conferences, books, journals and policy briefs.

Department of Finance Tax Treaties
Provides access to the list of tax treaties and other financial reports

Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade
The mandate of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada is to manage Canada's diplomatic and consular relations and to encourage the country's international trade.

Dispatch
Provides major speeches and congressional testimony from the State Department.

EUR-Lex
European Union Law

Europa- European Union Treaties
Contains information and treaties relating to the European Union.

European Journal of International Law
This website forms an integral part of the EJIL and full-text articles of all but the most recent issues are available here in the archive.

The European Parliament
This is the official website of the European Union. It is a good starting point if you are looking for information and services provided by the EU but you don't know your way around our sites.

Globalex International Law Guides
GlobaLex is an electronic legal publication dedicated to international and foreign law research.

International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).

International Law Commission
The International Law Commission was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 for the promotion of the progressive development of international law and its codification. It holds an annual session at the United Nations Office at Geneva.

LawCite
A free legal citator service provided by the South African Legal Information Institute.

Natlex
Database of national laws on labor, social security and related human rights

Treaties in Force
A list of treaties and other international agreements of the United States in force as of January 2000

United Nations Treaty Reference Guide
Includes a comprehensive glossary, as well as a list of treaties, conventions, protocols and declarations.

U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian
The Office of the Historian is responsible, under law, for the preparation and publication of the official documentary history of U.S. foreign policy in the Foreign Relations of the United States series

World Courts
The World Courts project was established in May 1999 to provide a comprehensive database of decisions rendered by international judicial and quasi-judicial bodies. It currently consists of over 4000 decisions and covers 18 institutions in English and 2 in Russian.

 

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